How to Draw Water
In the works of art, water can appear in various forms, including droplets on leaves, flowers, buildings etc., or as water bodies. Drawing drops is not such a tricky job. You begin with sketching an oval or a spherical shape over your base object. While maintaining the transparency of the rest of the oval, add arch-like shading near the circumference facing the viewer. Keep this arc small and of irregular thickness. This will give an impression of a dome-like shape of the droplet.
For a sketch, the outlines and the shading is done by pencil. In the case of a painted work, the concentrated color of the base object, say a leaf, is used for the purpose. Following is a systematic guide on drawing water bodies:
• Reference image. The ideal start would be to look for a reference picture. You may choose a single picture or a combination of two. For instance, you may like the ground and water elements in one and the composition of the sky in another. Nevertheless, you may choose to rely upon your imagination.
• Preparatory drawing. Divide your frame into principal sections using light, freehand lines. If the distant shore of your water body extends far beyond the view, the horizon becomes the primary partition. In the case of the contrary, other main components, like mountains, bridges etc. form partition lines.
• Creating other objects. Regardless of the type of scenery, water is drawn in the end. Position each individual figure, e.g., boat, trees, bridge, huts or houses, mountains, and so on. Begin with the fundamental geometrical shapes first. For instance, use triangles for mountains, combinations of rectangles, and triangles for boats & houses, etc. While adding the details, keep in mind that if you intend to use colors, the pencil shading should be minimized. Now, consider which all objects will have a reflection in the water. Draw their reflections in the area designated for water. You should always sketch wavy curves even for still water such as a pond or a lake. Remember, water is more stable in the middle, in the case of still bodies. Therefore, the reflection of the trees on a shore is much distorted than that of a boat towards the centre. For a river or a brook, the flowing water is rippled everywhere. The length and angle of these figures will vary with the time of the day captured.
• Portraying water. Once all the mirror images are drawn, the effect of the waves is produced with the aid of pencil strokes or colors, as the case may be. In the case of a painting, the appearance of the sky above will be replicated in the waters below. However, take care to add deeper shades towards the depth of the body. The shallow water near the shoreline appears lighter in color. This step completes your picture.